All About Avacado’s | Health Benefits | Planting Methods | Fertilization

Avocado or butter fruit farming has got its momentum nowadays in India due to the high price and the sub-tropical climate of the country. From an avocado tree, a farmer gets around 300-600 fruits every year. Another important factor is that the plant does not require constant care like many other trees or plants. In a season, a farmer gets up to 200 rupees for a kilogram of the fruit.

Till the first half of the 20th century, the avocado was unknown to the Indian Sub-continent. It was first introduced to the country from Sri Lanka. The fruit is originally from Mexico and Central America and slowly migrated to other countries. It is called butter fruit for its creamy and rich texture.

Health benefits of avocado

It is said avocado is the most nutritive among the fruits that have plenty of proteins and fat but low in carbohydrate. The fruit has minerals such as calcium, iron, copper, magnesium, manganese, phosphorous, sodium and sulphur. It also has vitamins such as vitamin A (carotene), ascorbic acid, thiamine, and riboflavin.

  • Avocados are rich in fibre.
  • They help fight against cancer.
  • It is good for the heart and vision.
  • Recommended for pregnant women.
  • It does lower the cholesterol level and results in weight loss.
  • The fruit is considered to be a detoxification fruit.
  • It helps to prevent osteoporosis.

Uses of avocado

The fruit mainly used as raw fruit. It can be seen in sandwiches, salads or as toppings. It is also used in juices, shakes, fresh ice creams, and milk. Oil taken from avocado has its own fan circle. The pulp can be preserved in freezers for a long time.

Varieties

  • West Indian Avocado
  • Guatemalan Avocado
  • Mexican Avocado
  • Hass Avocado

These are the common varieties that have been found in the country. In them, the Mexican type is the smallest one, it approximately weighs up to 250gm to 350gm. It takes 6-8 months for ripening after flowering the fruit. Guatemalan type is larger than the Mexican. It grows up to 600gm and ripens after 9-12 months after flowering. The West Indian type is medium-sized and it takes 9 months for ripening after flowering.

Now there are other hybrid varieties in the country such as Fuerte, bacon, Zutano, Hass, Ettinger, pollock, Waldin, nabal, Linda booth 7 and booth 8.

How to plant avocado?

avacado planting method
  • June-July months are recommended for planting avocado plants.
  • Dig a hole having 90cm X 90cm deep, wide and long.
  • Fill the hole with cow manure and compost. Fill the hole with some upper soil and can plant the tree.
  • Though both seeds and budded plants are used for planting, it is recommended to use budded plants to increase the growing time.
  • To help pollination, it is recommended to plant a male avocado tree in the middle of other plants.
  • It does not entertain water-logging so make sure to plant where there is no chance for water-logging.
  • It is not recommended to plant avocado in saline soil. The preferred pH level is between 5 and 7.
  • Leave a space of 6 to 12 meters in between two avocado trees.

Post-planting care

Though avocado does not require constant care or fertilisers, the first 1-2 years are crucial. Make sure there is no fungal infection in these years. If so, use neem cake oil emulsion or Bordeaux mixture. Pruning is not advised for the plant except for the pollock variety as it grows without any limitation. The use of sprinkler irrigation is more effective than the normal way of irrigation.

Fertilisation is essential for the plant particularly adding nitrogen in these fertilisers are recommended. Use of urea, potash, bone-meal and cow manure as fertilisers are recommended. Add fertilisers after sunset and make sure to water the plant soon after fertilisation.