The mango cultivar called Banganapalli or Banaganapalle received its name after it has been widely cultivated in and around the banganapalli area of Andhra Pradesh. It is also known as Safeda, benishan, chappatai and badam aam in different parts of India. This is one of the first mango cultivars to receive the Geographical Indication Tag (GI Tag) for its unique taste, shape and other traits.
Taste of banganapalli mango
The flesh of the mango is yellow and sweet. The flesh is non-fibrous and creamy that makes the fruit a favourite in the Indian as well as foreign dinner tables.
Characteristics of mango
The shape of the mango is obliquely oval. The size of the mango comes around 14cm in length when it becomes mature. It turns golden-yellow when it ripens. A ripe mango can be kept for 7 days without refrigeration, this shelf-life makes the mango favourite for exporters. The fruit is well known for its taste and sweet aroma. Mangoes’ skin is soft. A mango normally weighs between 200gm and 400gm.
Characteristics of tree
Without proper pruning, banaganapalli mango tree will grow vigorously. It will grow up to more than 40 meters high. So, if anyone plans to grow trees commercially, proper pruning is advised. While planting, leave a space of 8 metres in between the plants. The bark will have a dark brown colour. Sunlight is required for maximum yield. It is a mid-season variety.
- The fruit contains a high deal of magnesium and potassium.
- It also regulates the digestion process with the help of enzymes in the fruit.
- It is high in anti-oxidants
- Contains vitamins such as B6, A, E, B5 and K
- Dietary fibre and carbs
- Copper and folate
Can mango grow in a pot?
It can be planted in a pot and grow as a bonsai tree. Because of the pot, the plant will not grow as it is on the ground. Pruning has to be done even it is in the pot. The container mango tree will grow up to 4 to 8 feet. The container should be with drainage holes. Before filling the pot with fertilisers and soil, add broken pottery to make the drainage more effective.
- Good pre-planting preparation required for the plant.
- Dig a hole that is 1 metre long, wide and deep.
- Make a mixture with topsoil, cow manure, 2kg of bone meal and 2kg of phosphate.
- Regular watering has to be done during the first few weeks. Later the intervals can be increased in between watering days.
- Make sure to water the plant on summer days at least once a week.
- A grown tree can tolerate both over-watering and low-watering. But to get the maximum yield it is advised to water the plant adequately.
Fertilisation for mango
The mango tree does not require constant care or watering. The first fertilising of the soil before planting the tree is the most important factor to check. Make a mixture with topsoil, cow manure, 2kg of bone meal and 2kg of phosphate and fill the hole and plant the tree in this mixture.
Nitrogen, Phosphorous and Potassium (NPK factor) have to be followed. 100 grams of nitrogen, 50 grams of phosphorous, 100 grams of potassium is required during the first year of the plant. In the second year give 200 grams of nitrogen and potassium and 100 grams of phosphorous. And after every year adds more than 100 grams to the last year’s quantity. Natural fertilisers such as cow manure, compost and other kinds can be added. This will preserve the natural traits of the soil.
Common diseases and pests
Algal leaf spot
Alga causes this disease. The leaves get orange spots. Normally, the disease is harmless. To avoid this issue prune and use pesticide regularly. Use any fungicide to control the diseases.
Dark spots on leaves, flower and fruit. As a result of this, fruits, leaves and flowers fall from the tree. This is a fungus attack. Normally, trees that are grown in wet regions face this issue. This is a serious disease. The use of fungicide at the right time can help to restrict the disease.
The grey-white powder-like substance appears on fruits, flower and leaves. Leaves, flower and fruit will fall from the tree before the fruit becomes ripen. Fungicides are very effective as the disease comes from a fungus. This can be seen everywhere where mango trees are growing.
Bacterial black spot
Visible cracks on stems of mango trees, as a result of a gummy substance, comes from the tree. This a common disease that is seen everywhere. Remove the branches which have this disease and apply copper-based protective sprays to get effective results.
Female flies lay their eggs on the semi-ripen mangoes. When the fruit ripens, the eggs break and worms will appear and destroys the fruit. People can do harvest before full ripening of the fruit. Use neem-based pesticides to get effective results.
These bugs suck the juice of tender leaves, flowers and even fruits. They will appear on the leaves and fruits as a white powdery substance. This disease can be seen everywhere where trees are growing. Burn all the branches, leaves and fruits which have the infestation. Spray neem-based pesticides to avoid mealybug.
Pruning and care
Pruning is done to the trees for several reasons, to remove pest or fungal affected areas, to allow more sunlight to the trunk, to regulate the tree growth eying harvesting. The tree can withstand moderate and even severe pruning which reduces the fruit-bearing capacity of the tree at first. But in the long run, it benefits the tree. Keep in mind that the pruning has to start from the plant’s early days.
Cut the vertical branches in favour of the horizontal branches and do it for at least 2-3 years until the tree has a strong scaffold. When the tree comes to the appropriate height you need to trim the tree once or twice a year to regulate the height.