Exotic Fruits Plants You Should Plant In Your Backyard

Abiu Fruit

Abiu (botanical name Pouteria caimito) is an exotic fruit tree that grows in Hawaii. A native of the Amazon region of South America, abiu (pronounced Aa-be-you) belongs to the Sapotaceae family and is commonly found in Brazil, Colombia, Peru, and Venezuela.

abui pazham

Abui tree requires a moist and warm climate. The leaves are oblong to elliptic in shape and measure 10 to 25 cm by 40 to 55 mm broadest width. The flowers form on two to five clusters and appear on leaf axils on long and thin shoots. These small flowers have four to five petals which are cylindrical and white to greenish in color. Flowers are hermaphroditic which means both sexes are present.

Abiu Benefits

Improves Digestive Health
Improves Bone Health
Improves Cardiovascular Health

Improves Eyes Health
Boost Immunity
Prevents Various Types of Cancer

Mahkota Dewa

Mahkota Dewa, a tree of the gods can grow as high as 3 meters or more with thick green leaves. The fruit will stick on the stem with a group or own. The fruit has a green color when it is still raw and will turn red while cooking. Mahkota Dewa fruits are small to medium and oblong in shape, averaging 3-5 centimeters in diameter. The inner flesh is white, fibrous, and watery and contains one to two brown poisonous seeds. Mahkota Dewa cannot be consumed raw, but when processed, it has a slightly sweet flavor. The flowers make a compound of two to four, with color from green to maroon.

Mahkota Dewa Benefits
  • Well known in traditional Chinese medicine as an anti-inflammatory, anti-fungal, anti-oxidant, and anti-bacterial
  • The fruit can help reduce symptoms of many health issues and diseases and is still widely used today as a form of alternative medicine.
  • The fruit contains healing ingredients such as antihistamines, polyphenol compounds, saponins, and alkaloids.

Mamey Sapote

Mamey Sapote (Pouteria sapota) is a tasty tropical fruit we often see at local markets in Mexico. The fruit is native to South and Central America. It is much like an avocado in the way you slice and eats it. It is sweet, but not overly so. The fruit is made into foods such as milkshakes and ice cream. Some of its names in Latin American countries, such as mamey colorado (Cuba), zapote colorado (Costa Rica), and zapote Rojo (South America), refer to the reddish color of its flesh.

The Mamey sapote is a medium to large-sized fruit with an ovoid shape. The fruit’s skin is almost bark-like with a sandpaper texture (and color) protecting the fruit’s flesh with its defensive shell. The fruit, technically a berry, is about 10 to 25 cm (4 to 10 in) long and 8 to 12 cm (3 to 4.5 in) wide and has flesh ranging in color from pink to orange to red. The fruit’s texture is creamy and soft, the flavor is a mix of sweet potato, pumpkin, honey, prune, peach, apricot, cantaloupe, cherry, and almond. When ripe, the flesh is a vibrant salmon color, its texture soft and succulent with a melting quality.

Mamey Sapote Benefits
  • The fruit is eaten raw or made into milkshakes, smoothies, ice cream, and fruit bars.
  • Helps to produce marmalade and jelly
  • The fruit is an excellent source of vitamin B6 and vitamin C and is a good source of riboflavin, niacin, vitamin E, manganese, potassium, and dietary fiber.
  • The Mamey sapote is also stewed and used for making wine.

Santol Fruit

Santol also referred to as Kechapi, Lolly Fruit, is an ornamental evergreen tree belonging to the Mahogany family Meliaceae. Known scientifically as Sandoricum koetjape, the plant goes by several other common names including Kechapi, Lolly Fruit, Santol, Santol, Wild Mangosteen, Red santol, cotton fruit, sandal, sentul, Sayai, and Visayan. The plant is native to Indochina and Peninsular Malaysia, and has been introduced into India, Borneo, Indonesia, Mauritius, the Andaman Islands, and the Philippines where it has become naturalized. It has also been introduced into China, Taiwan, Australia, and a few locations in Central America and Southern Florida. It is usually cultivated in Asian countries and its fruits are abundant in local markets during the season. It is around, juicy fruit as big as a big apple in size.

Santol Benefits
  • The preserved pulp is employed medicinally as an astringent, as is the quince in Europe.
  • Crushed leaves are poulticed on itching skin. Santol fruit consists of pectins, a soluble fiber. Pectin, along with good cholesterol (HDL) will bind with bad cholesterol (LDL) in the intestines, preventing the fats to be absorbed into our circulatory system.
  • It’s good for diabetic people. Santol fruit consists of plenty of antioxidants that help to prevent the growth of cancer cells.
  • Santol fruits consist of both soluble and insoluble fibers. Foods that are rich in fiber can fill us up and help us feel full longer.

Mangosteen Fruit

Mangosteen (Garcinia Xanthochymus) is a species of mangosteens from India, southern China, and Japan through Indochina to Peninsular Malaysia at elevations of 0 – 1400 meters. Common names are false mangosteen, gamboge, Himalayan Garcinia, and Sour Mangosteen.

Most importantly, the mangosteen tree is slow-growing, upright in habitat, with a pyramid shaped crown. The tree grows to between 20-82 feet (6-25 m.) in height. It has nearly black, flaky outer bark and a gummy, extremely bitter latex contained inside the bark. This evergreen tree has short-stalked, dark green leaves that are oblong and glossy atop and yellow-green and dull on the underside. New leaves are rosy red and oblong.

Mangosteen Benefits
  • It promotes weight loss
  • Supports blood sugar control
  • Promotes healthy immune system
  • Helps maintain healthy skin