The backbone of the Indian economy is agriculture for many centuries. Half of the workforce is employed in the agriculture sector alone. They dedicated 17-18% of India’s GDP, according to 2018 reports. 58% of India’s population depends on agriculture for its livelihood according to the latest study.
Understanding all these factors, all the governments that India witnessed gave importance to the scientific study of agriculture. As a result, many well-recognised universities are offering different courses including Under Graduate (UG) programmes and Post Graduate (PG) programmes. Here are the different courses offered by India’s leading universities as an undergraduate programme.
List of undergraduate courses
Bachelor of Science (Agriculture)
Several private, as well as government-recognised universities, are providing BSc in Agriculture course. This course is a 4-year undergraduate course, preferably for the students who have completed plus two in a science discipline. This course emphasis on modern ways of agriculture and the use of such equipment and scientific discoveries in agriculture. This course is recognised by the Indian government and after completing the course, one can seek jobs or can join the MSc in Agriculture for further studies.
Bachelor of Science (Genetic Plant Breeding)
Seeds that we sow in the field have been undergoing severe changes all over time. It is a must that new types of seeds have to be introduced that is drought tolerant, pest tolerant, and climate tolerant. Here comes the importance of BSc Genetic Plant Breeding. It is a 3-years full-time course. Students who have passed plus two in science (Physics, Biology and Chemistry) can apply for the course.
Bachelor of Science (Agricultural Economics and Farm Management)
This course is another major course that gives importance to the micro as well as macroeconomic principles to solve the problems in agriculture. The applicants should have a science background in their plus two. It is a three-year undergraduate programme.
Bachelor of Science (Animal Husbandry)
As the course indicates, this course gives importance to animal care, breeding, and nurturing livestock that provides us milk, eggs, meat, fibre and other beneficiary products. It is a four-year-long full-time course. Many universities and colleges in India are offering this course.
Bachelor of Science (Forestry)
This course is a four-year undergraduate programme. This course makes its students aware of geology, horticulture, forest economics, forest engineering, tree physiology, and at last but not least forest laws and strategies.
Bachelor of Science (Soil and Water Management)
Students who have completed Plus Two in science stream can aspire BSc in Soil and Water Management course. This course gives light on how to improve soil quality and water management in cultivation. It is also a four-year full-time programme. This undergraduate programme is a well-known programme as the country is facing acute shortage of water and other resources.
Bachelor of Science (Horticulture)
The three-year full-time course teaches all aspects of the cultivation of seeds, plants, vegetables and flowers. The stream teaches everything from the diseases that plants get and different methods that help plants to grow faster and safer.
Bachelor of Science (Agriculture and Food Business)
The course duration is four-year. Students who have a background in the science stream can apply. Both private and government recognised colleges are offering this course which has crucial importance in society nowadays.
Bachelor of Science (Fisheries)
The course trains the students in the fishery sector. It consists of the study of a fish, ecosystem, its food, breeding and the common diseases that they get. BSc in Fisheries is a four-year-long full-time course that major universities provide all over India.
Bachelor of Science (Crop Physiology)
Students can join in this three-year-long course, who have done science in their Plus Two courses. Many colleges and universities in India are providing this course.