Grapefruits, botanically a berry, believed to be the native of the Middle East region and can trace their traits 6000 BC – 8000 BC. They grow in clusters and each cluster has around 15-300 in a number depends on the variety. Grapes can be eaten fresh or can make the fruit juice, jam, pulp, wine, raisins, vinegar and jelly. They are in black, dark blue, crimson, yellow, green, orange and pink colour depending on the variety.
How to plant grapevine?
The fruit grape grows on the vigorous perennial vines of the grape plant. It is recommended to plant the vine in the spring season (September- October), before the winter. By the time of winter, roots and trunk will be mature to resist winter. Once the plant arrives, plant it as soon as possible or at least keeps the plant in a cool place. Grafted plants are better than plants that grow from seeds, as they grow faster and bear fruits faster.
- Before planting, it is advised to sock the root for 3-4 hours to make the root more adaptable to the soil.
- The plant requires abundant sunlight.
- Make a hole that is 75cm long and wide.
- Remove all the canes except the most vigorous one so that all the attention will be given to that particular cane.
- Remove all the broken or unwanted growth on the vine.
- Keep the last bud just above the soil level while planting.
- While planting, fill the hole with red soil, sand and cow manure.
After planting the vine, water it regularly for the first year. After the vines are strong, they seldom require water. But the plant cannot withstand waterlogging.
Fertilisers for grapes
Grapevines require a nitrogen boost every year as the plant is vigorous. Every year after the rainy season apply cow manure and compost to the roots. For the fungal attack use neem oil emulsion. A mix of rajphos and potash can add under the plant during this time of the year. Always make sure to add fertilizers after the sunset and water the plant after providing fertilizer.
Weeding has to be done now and then, especially during the time of fertilisation. Weeds under the plant make the soil cooler, which is bad for grapevines. To get maximum growth of vines and grapes, the plant requires warmer soil.
Annual pruning is mandatory for grapes to grow vigorously as well as this affects the fruiting in the coming season. It has to be done at the beginning of every spring season. In every branch keep only vigorous buds and remove other buds because from these buds next season’s fruits and flowers are growing. Pruning the non-vigorous buds helps in the growth of the remaining buds’ health.
After the first year, prune all canes except one or two main strong canes. Tie these canes to a fence or any kind of structure and let it grow on them. Farmers recommend heavy pruning that gives better fruit. Less pruning gives a lot of fruits, but low quality and small fruits. Proper pruning helps in harvesting time.
Once the fruits are ripened, normally they will change colour from what they were before that. It is always better to taste a few to understand whether the fruits are ripened or not. Remove the fruits in clusters and keep them in a cool place to keep the fruit fresh. Keep a plastic thin sheet on grapes to restrict water content in the fruits while keeping it in the store.