Organic and natural ways of farming have developed enormously over the previous years. Being an agrarian country, India has more chances for organic farming than many other countries. The introduction of jeevamrutham and waste decomposer points to this factor and new methods are being introduced. Padma Shri Subhash Palekar is the brain behind this way of cultivating. His way of farming is known as Subhash Palekar Natural Farming (SPNF). Earlier it was known as Zero Budget Natural Farming (ZBNF).
Usage of jeevamrutham and waste decomposer
Jeevamrutham or jeevamrut and waste decomposer are ways of farming crops without the use of chemicals. The method advocates, whatever a crop needs are there in the soil, and all we need to boost these traits to get the maximum harvest. It backs the use of natural resources such as cow manure as well as other natural products as pesticides and fertilisers for crops.
Jeevamrutham vs waste decomposer
Jeevamrutham suggests that microorganisms in natural resources are the most important factor that crops require.
National Centre of Organic Farming has developed the waste decomposer. It is made from the desi cow dung. They process the cow dung and separates beneficial bacteria into a plastic container. This product has to keep for 7 days under shade. Both have a drawback that they don’t have scientific support as they claim.
Jeevamrutham ingredients and preparations
Jeevamrutham is made from natural as well as easily found materials such as fresh cow dung, cow urine, jaggery, flour of any kind (such as green gram, Bengal gram, black gram), soil that is free from chemicals, clean water which is free from chlorine and other chemicals.
- Take 2.5 kilograms of cow dung raw.
- 1 litre of cow’s urine.
- Half kilogram jaggery.
- A half kilogram of any pulse’s powder (flour).
- A handful of soil is clean from chemical pesticides or fertilisers.
- 50 litres of water to dilute the mix.
Mix all the items in a large container and cover it with a log or sack to prevent direct sunlight. Keep the mix under shade for two days and mix well the mixture two times a day. After two days the mix can apply under any trees or plants.
The mix can be used for 7 days, and after 7 days the microorganisms will begin to decay. Twice in a month, one can use the mix. Do not apply the mix on dry soil as it will immediately kill the microorganisms in the mix. Water the soil before applying the mix.
How to make waste decomposer?
For making waste decomposer we need fresh and clean water, jaggery and vessel to store the culture.
- 25litre capacity plastic vessel
- A bottle of waste decomposer
- 23litres of water
- 250 grams of natural jaggery
Add 23 litres of water into a plastic vessel, later add jaggery which is diluted in water. Do not boil or heat the jaggery, it has to be diluted in normal water at normal temperature. Later, add the waste decomposer to the water. Do not use your hand to take the culture from the container. Use a spoon or log to take the culture. After mixing the waste composer stir the mix using wood fifty times. Make sure to stir the mix clockwise to preserve the bacteria.
Cover the container with a cloth for 7 days and can use after diluting the culture. For diluting, take half a cup of mixture and add it with 12 cups of water, this mix can be used for all kinds of plants and trees. This mix can be used as fertiliser and pesticide, and also for treating seeds and to increase the health of the soil.
Plant growth comparison jeevamrutham vs waste decomposer
Both have high potential and up to 10 times they boost up the production. But the important factor is that a waste decomposer can also be work as a waste decomposing agent to speed up the composting process of organic matters. Plants that are under jeevamrutham care shows more consistency in flowering and bearing fruits.
Drawbacks of jeevamrutham and waste decomposer
- Both fertilisers are made out of cow’s manure so that foul smell is inevitable, especially for jeevamrutham.
- Both have a limited number of days as shelf life.
- The base of these fertilisers is the microorganisms that contain in the jeevamrutham and waste decomposer. In this respect, both cannot be used in hot climate areas.