Lemon: Health Benefits, Suitable Climate, Fertilisers, Soil and How to Plant?

Lime and lemon, which belongs to the citrus aurantifolia and citrus limon respectively, originally hail from South Asia, largely from Northeast India. Both have similarities rather than differences in their taste, vitamin content, culinary purposes and other featured. They have medicinal value due to the content of antioxidants, vitamins, minerals and other healthy aspects of the fruit. 

Lemon belongs to the evergreen tree family Rutaceae. The pH value of the lemon juice is around 2.2, which gives them a sour taste and making it unavoidable for making drinks, pies and other items. It has also content of citric acid of about 5-6%. India is the largest producer of lemon in the world. 

Health benefits of lemon and lime

  • Both lime and lemon have antioxidants, which helps to fight against cell damage, diabetes, cancer and dementia. 
  • They are a good source of flavonoids. Flavonoids are essential for the heart’s health and for reducing metabolic disorders. 
  • Both fruits are a store of Vitamin C. Vitamin C is essential for the daily activity of the body. It improves the immune system. 
  • They have traits of potassium and calcium. 
  • Cures sore throat: Lemon mixed with honey and diluted in water is a common household remedy for sore throat.
  • Certain studies indicate that lemon can cure kidney stones. 
  • Lemon can help in reducing weight loss. 
  • It helps you to brighten your skin. 

Suitable climate and soil for lemon

Lemon can be harvested in a tropical climate where a good deal of rainfall and sunlight is available. Nevertheless, its growth, as well as flowering and fruiting capacity, can be counterproductive affected by frost as well as hot wind. To a certain level, the tree is drought tolerant. Sufficient watering has to be done, but do not do overwatering as it will affect the fruiting capacity of the plant. 

All kinds of soils are benevolent to the lemon tree, but the tree favours well-drained sandy loam soil which has 5.5 to 7.5 pH level. 

How to plant a lemon tree?

Before planting, it is better to prepare the soil by mixing it with farmyard manure or compost. Seedlings are recommended for reproducing the tree. Plough well the desired land and make sure the surface is even, without any lump and it should be well aerated. Prepare a hole that is 60x60x60 and fill it with farmyard manure or compost. 

After planning the seedling apply urea as well as superphosphate in the upper soil. Do not plant seedling during the heavy rainy season, but light rain favours the plant. 

Fertilisers

Plants up to 5 years old can be given 20kg farmyard manure, 100 grams urea and 1kg superphosphate. This dose can be given 2 times a year. From the 6th year, 40kg farmyard manure, 400 grams nitrogen, 200 grams phosphorous and 400 grams potassium can be given. 15 days after the plant bears fruit it is advised to give additional 150 grams of nitrogen per plant. Always add fertilisers after sunset or before sunrise. Water the plant after adding fertilisers.