Mangosteen, a native of Southeast Asia, is well known for its health benefits as well as its peculiar taste. It’s a tropical evergreen tree that is seen widely in Southeast Asia, Southwest India, Colombia, Puerto Rico and Florida. The mentioning of the fruit can be seen from the 15th-century articles. The tree grows up to 25 meters and some bear fruits over 100 years. Garcinia mangostana is the scientific name of the tree.
It will take 6-12 years for the plant to bear fruits. During the first fruit-bearing years’, the tree bears approximately 300 fruits per season. When it becomes mature (35-40 years) the number increases up to 750-1000 fruits in a season. There are trees in Kerala, India that become 100 years and bears more than 3000 fruits in a season.
Taste of mangosteen
Mangosteen has a flavour of both sweet and tangy. The flesh is fibrous and juicy. The fruit is light green when it is not mature and turns into dark reddish-purple colour when it matures. The seeds of the fruit are almond-shaped and sized. In the ancient Chinese medicines, the fruit is being used as a cooling element.
Health benefits of mangosteen
The fruit is high in protein, fibre, carbs, manganese, copper, and magnesium. It is also enriched with vitamins such as Vitamin C, B9, B1, and B2. Another important factor of mangosteen is that it has a huge number of antioxidants. Several studies reveal that the fruit is high in anti-inflammatory properties.
According to some studies, regulating blood sugar and providing a healthy immune system are other noticeable benefits of mangosteen.
Planting methods of the fruit
Grafting and budding methods are not yet successful and the plants are made from the seeds. The plant grows well in almost all soil conditions. But the fruit-bearing capacity of the fruit reduces when the climate goes below 20 degrees Celsius. The plant requires a temperature between 25-35 degrees Celsius. The root system of the variety is very weak, so that makes a hole that is at least 2 meters in length, width and height for planting the sapling.
- Do the pre-planting works before a month. Dig a hole that is 2 meters wide, long and high. Fill the hole with compost or cow manure.
- Gardner can either buy saplings from the local nursery or can grow saplings from seeds.
- For growing saplings from the seeds, scatter seeds in a bag full of soil. Water the seeds and they will sprout in 20-31 days. Keep the bag where 12-13 hours of sunlight is available.
- Keep the sprout in the bag for 3-4 years when the tree began to show its growth up to 48 inches. After reaching this height the plant can be moved to open ground.
- If there is more than one sapling, leave a distance of 20-40 meters.
- Water the plant occasionally, especially during the early stages of planting and the summer season.
- Apply nitrogen-based fertilisers to get maximum growth.