Passion fruit is a natural nutrient-rich tropical fruit that is harvested for its pulpy substance that is sweet and acidic. The fruit is high in vitamins and minerals and low in calories, which makes the fruit ideal for consumption. Studies point out that passion fruit helps to decrease anxiety or insomnia by relaxing and sedative effects of the fruit.
Top 5 varieties of passion fruits
Yellow: The yellow variety produces larger fruit, comparing to the other varieties. Its vines are harder and thicker. The yellow variety produces fruits much greater than the other varieties and it can withstand temperature comparing to others. The yellow variety has a high tolerance to pests, climate and water availability.
Purple: Purple variety has the upper-hand while considering the flavour and aroma. It is well known for its nutrients and water content. It has a water content between 30-35%, which is higher than the yellow variance while considering the percentage. The purple variety produces black seeds and the yellow variety produces brown seeds.
Black: The black passion fruit is well known for its aroma. The pulp inside the fruit is yellow. Like the other passion fruit varieties, the black varieties like subtropical and warm temperature. It can withstand frost in a small amount. It will take 1-2 years for bearing fruits. It requires a soil pH of 6-7. October-March is the normal fruiting time.
Red: Outer cover of this variety is red and inside it is yellow pulp. While comparing to the black variety, red is larger and more fragrant. The preferred climate is tropical or subtropical. Moderate watering it requires. Rather than seeds it prefers grafted stems to plant. 1-2 years it will take to bear fruit. April-October is the normal fruiting time of this variety.
Yellow and purple: Yellow and purple mix is a hybrid variety of passion fruit. Which is well known for its fragrance and size. This variety can withstand hot climate as well as pests attack.
The size and the taste of the varieties differ from each other. Naturally, the fruit has been eaten raw and fresh, and also added in juice, jams, ice creams, cocktails and mocktails. The plant is a climbing perennial plant, so make sure to install a structure to climb while planting the passion fruit.
Growing techniques of passion fruit
Passion fruit does not need much attention or fertilisers. Either seedlings or stem cuttings are used for passion fruit plant. Stem cuttings will grow faster and bear fruits than seedlings.
- Mix the soil with compost and cow manure.
- Dig a hole that is 2ft wide, deep and long.
- Watering has to be done frequently, especially when they are young, flowering and during bearing fruits.
- The plant will begin to bear flowers and fruits when they reach 8-10 months old. It is better to keep the fruit on the vine till they are fully ripe.
Health benefits of passion fruits
Vitamins are necessary for our body, and the fruit makes sure that we get vitamins such as A, B1, B2, B3 and C. These vitamins produce different matters in our body to reduce amino acids, fatty acids and carbohydrates. It also contains potassium, calcium, phosphorous, magnesium, iron, selenium, and zinc. It is also recommended for those who are troubled with insomnia or anxiety.
The plant is a subtropical plant that can withstand a warm climate. But too much warm will destroy the plant. It requires a good amount of water so make sure to water the plant during the summer season. Passion fruit easily gets cold injury.