Rambutan: A Hairy, Nutrient Rich Fruit

Rambutan is well known not only for its taste but also for its awkward shape. The nutrients rich fruits are favorable to grow in tropical and sub-tropical climates. This peculiarity makes the plant grow in places such as Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Mangalore, and Kudak. The fruit contains vitamins, potassium, magnesium, calcium, and carbohydrates. Some studies reveal it has the ability to hinder the growth of cancer cells. Let us find out rambutan growing tips in the home garden.

The plant is a warm loving plant which needs good sunlight to provide the maximum of its yield. Rambutan can bear the heat of 22C-35C degrees. It also needs a good amount of water like any other tropical plants. But avoid places which have waterlogging problems. In Kerala, both red and yellow varieties are common. The plant is widely cultivated in India, Sri Lanka, Indonesia and the Philippines.

Rambutan: Benefits & Nutrions

Rambutan also contains a good amount of copper, which plays a role in the proper growth and maintenance of various cells, including those of your bones, brain, and heart. Rambutan is a good source of soluble and insoluble fiber, which can prevent constipation and improve symptoms of certain gut disorders.

Rambutan is low in calories, yet rich in water and fiber. This combination may prevent overeating and keep you feeling fuller for longer — both of which can lead to weight loss over time.

May reduce Cancer risk: A few cell and animal studies found that compounds in rambutan may help prevent the growth and spread of cancer cells.

May protect against Heart Disease: One animal study showed that extracts made from rambutan peel reduced total cholesterol and triglyceride levels in diabetic mice.

May protect against Diabetes: Cell and animal studies report that rambutan peel extract may increase insulin sensitivity and reduce fasting blood sugar levels and insulin resistance.

How to plant rambutan? 

It is recommended not to use seedling for new plants as there are male and female plants. Only female plants produce fruits and male plants just produce flowers. It is recommended to bud the right sapling for rambutan. The fruit is either oval or round-shaped. There would be 5-20 fruits in a cluster. If the plant is nurtured well, then it will produce fruits after 3 years and maximum harvest it will give when it reaches 6-8 years.

Leave space more than 40ft between rambutan sapling while planting. The distance may differ from place to place and climate to climate. Dig a hole that is 3 feet in length, deep and wide and fill the pit with cow manure or compost and rock phosphate. More fertilisers can be given, but only after 6 months when new leaves come. 

Irrigation is another important factor that one has to give attention to. Being a tropical plant, it should be well watered. Remove the unwanted weeds around the plant during its growing period. Remove dried branches and leaves regularly from the plant.  

It is an evergreen tree and grows up to 12-20 meters without pruning. So, it is advised to prune from the beginning. Allow the tree to grow up to 10-15 feet long to make the harvesting easy. Being a tree, the plant normally will not succumb to pests, but sometimes pests will attack rambutan tree. In such cases use neem oil emulsion to hinder the attack.