Red passion fruit is a variety of passion fruit that grows on climbing vine with evergreen leaves. The fruit’s colour varies from burgundy- red to purple and has around 9cm in diameter. The fruit’s yellowish inside has a mild sweet taste with an aroma. The plant can be grown from the seedling which is brown or black or from the stems. The fruit price is more than the normal yellow fruits. Sometimes, the plant is growing as a house plant in a pot.
The botanical name of red passion fruit is Passiflora Edulis. This variety is considered to be a vigorous plant. The variety can produce fruit all year round, but mainly during the summer season. Red passion fruit can produce fruits around 120-150 in a season. Only the mature and ripen fruits are edible as the young passion fruit contains lethal cyanogenic glycoside.
Health benefits of red passion fruit
The fruit is in high demand for its nutrient-rich traits. The fruit is high in vitamins and minerals and low in calories, which makes the fruit ideal for consumption. This variety of passion fruit helps to decrease anxiety or insomnia.
- The variety is high in vitamin A, which gives better eyesight.
- Vitamin C has been widely seen in the fruit. It supports the immune system and blocks ageing.
- The fruit is the store of potassium and iron.
- It increases haemoglobin in one’s blood.
- The fruit gives 2gm of fibre.
- It controls thyroid activity.
- Rich in antioxidants.
Characteristic of the fruit
- The plant bears fruit in 1-2 years after planting.
- Passion fruit continues bearing fruits all year long under ideal conditions.
- The plant prefers sunlight. So do not plant under shade.
- Soil which has a 6.5-7.5 pH is ideal for the plant. The plant requires well-drained soil.
- The plant does not endure frost. It kills the plant fast.
How to grow the fruit in your home garden?
- The plant can be grown from the seeds as well as stems.
- Plants from the grafted stems show much growing and bearing capacity than plants growing from the seeds.
- Dig a hole that is 2ft in height, length and width, and fill it with compost and cow manure.
- Plant the grafted stems.
- Once the plant is planted, make sure to give support to the plant to grow. Being it’s a climbing plant, support is needed.
- Water the plant well, especially during the summer days.
How to use red passion fruit?
Normally, the fruit is eaten raw when it ripens. Its pulp, as well as the seeds, are edible. The hard outer skin is not edible. Its pulp has been used in juices, syrups, cocktails, mocktails, cakes, jams and other savoury items.
The fruit has a greater shelf-life than many other fruits. It can be stored in a refrigerator for up to 2 weeks without any hassle. There are 5 different varieties of passion fruit in the market. Red, Yellow, Black, purple and yellow and purple mix are the most common varieties in the market.
Pests those attack
Worms and snails attack is the most common attack that passion fruit plant faces. Mealybugs are another kind of pest that attacks the plant. Make sure to check the plant on time, for the issue.