Now a day’s people do not want to use chemical pesticides or fertilisers on their crops. Instead, they want organic and natural remedies to boost up their yields. In this respect, the use of jevvamrutham/jeevamrut and panchagavyam/panchagavya is important. These are the most important two methods that farmers follow. Let’s find out the common traits and differences of these two practices.
Jeevamrutham suggests that microorganisms in these natural resources are the most important factor that crops require. Padma Shri Subhash Palekar is the brain behind this way of cultivating. His way of farming is known as Subhash Palekar Natural Farming (SPNF). Earlier it was known as Zero Budget Natural Farming (ZBNF).
Uses & drawbacks of jeevamrutham and panchagavya
- Both techniques are cheap while chemical fertilisers are expensive.
- The materials used in jeevamrutham and panchagavya are eco-friendly and organic. Thus, these methods do not hurt the crops as well as the soil in any way.
- Both methods are used to increase the fertility of the soil by activating microorganisms in the soil.
- These methods can be used as a fertiliser as well as pesticide.
- These mixes can be used in a foliar spray, in irrigation water, seed or seedling treatment.
- Chemical fertilisers and pesticides kill microorganisms in the soil. But jeevamrutham and panchagavya preserve and nurtures these microorganisms.
Jeevamrutham VS panchagavya
Though both the techniques are organic and natural there are some differences between the two.
- After mixing all ingredients, jeevamrutham will be ready in 15 days, but panchagavya will take 21 days to be ready.
- Panchagavyam has more efficiency than jeevamrutham in connection with the removal of pesticides.
- It says panchagavya can be given to animals as well as humans, but jeevamrutham can be given only for plants and trees.
- The use of panchagavya can be done till the flowering of the plant. While jeevamrutham can be applied at any stage of the plant’s growth.
Usage of Jeevamrutham vs Panchagavyam on plants
|If it’s a new seedling dilute a litre of jeevamrutham into 10 litres of clean water.||Dilute 1 litre panchagavyam mix further with 15-20 litres of clean water.|
|Apply the diluted mix every 10-15 days on plants.||Apply the diluted mix every 10-15 days on plants.|
|The mix can be used for 7 days and after 7 days the microorganisms will begin to decay.||Once the mix is ready it can be used for lifelong or when the mix gets ruined.|
|Twice in a month, one can use the mix.||Twice in a month, one can use the mix.|
Jeevamrutham ingredients & preparations
- Take 2.5 kilograms of cow dung raw.
- 1 litre of cow’s urine.
- Half kilogram jaggery.
- A half kilogram of any pulse’s powder (flour).
- A handful of soil is clean from chemical pesticides or fertilisers.
- 50 litres of water to dilute the mix.
Mix all the items in a large container and cover it with a log or sack to prevent direct sunlight. Keep the mix under shade for two days and mix well the mixture two times a day. After two days the mix can apply under any trees or plants.
As the words mention, this method needs five materials from the cow.
- 10 kilograms of fresh cow dung.
- 5 litres of cow urine.
- 2.5 litres of cow milk.
- 2.5 litres of curd.
- 250 grams of ghee.
Mix 10 kilograms of cow dung with 250 grams of ghee and keep it under shade for 24 hours. After a day, mix all other ingredients well. Keep the mix under shade for another 21 days and the mix will be ready by then. Take a litre of mix and dilute it with 10-15 litres of chlorine-free water and apply under plants and trees.
Plant growth comparison jeevamrutham vs panchagavyam
Both have high potential and up to 10 times they boost up the production. Farmers claim that the liquids not only increase the productivity of their crops but also prevents several bugs those attack the plants. Jeevamrutham is more effective when the plant is in its early stages of growth. But panchagavyam is effective after the early stages of growth.
Both have a drawback in that they don’t have scientific support as they claim.