Monsoon Vegetable cultivation is not something that should be give up due to low production. Prices of vegetables do not fall during the monsoon season.
The problem of high price and scarcity of vegetables during the monsoon season can be solved by growing vegetables in the backyard and on the terrace with care. For this, we can start monsoon vegetable cultivation in April itself.
Vegetables You Can Grow in Mansoon
Cowpeas (payar) are one of the vegetables which highly prefer the rainy season. Okra (Venda) can be planted in the month of April. Yellow vein mosaic deceases are less common in okra during monsoon. Amaranthus (cheera) also gives good yields if sown in April and transplanted before mid-May. Green amaranthus is better for monsoon cultivation than the red variety. These leafy vegetables grow well in naturally irrigated water and need not be excluded from monsoon cultivation.
Eggplant gives good yields continuously for two years without any special care when the seedlings are transplanted. Chilies grow well during the monsoon season as they are less susceptible to insects. It is also possible to cultivate bitter gourd during monsoon season.
Ivy gourd, clove beans and marrows can also be grown. Summer is ideal for cucumbers, pumpkins and ash gourd. The soil should be heaped at the base of the sprouted yam and arvi plants. We can also cultivate plants by covering the area with a transparent sheet and exposed to sunlight.
Be careful with decease causing pests
During the monsoon season, due to lack of sunlight and high risk of water logging, pests are more likely to appear within two weeks of planting itself. Beneficial fungicides such as Trichoderma can be used. Trichoderma can be used in combination with cow dung.
Pseudomonas 20 g or 5 ml to 10 ml of liquid Pseudomonas can be added to one liter of water and sprayed on the leaves or poured on the bottom half an hour after watering. It protects against leaf spot and bottom rot diseases.
Organic pesticides such as neem oil-garlic mixture, tobacco tincture and garlic-hot pepper mixture can be sprayed alternately against pest attack. We can do spraying once in a week. Weeds and forests near the farm which allow small insects to grow should be cleared.
One teaspoon of lime can be put once in two weeks to vegetables grown in growbags. Drainage should be ensured. If not adequately watered, soil aeration will decrease. Microbes that live in soils that provide nutrients to the plant must be able to breathe. Liquid fermented organic manure, cattle manure, bone meal and compost can also be applied once a week.
Bio-slurry mix is a fast, nutritious, home-made product. Add 10 kg of cow dung, 1 kg each of neem cake, groundnut cake, bone meal, reuired water or cow urine and leave to ferment. On the fifth day, stir and dilute one cup slurry with ten times water.
Fish amino acids are also good nutrients. Keep 1 kg of sardine and 1 kg of jaggery airtight for 15 days. Then it can be used by adding 2ml in 1 liter of water to dilute it.
Vegetable cultivation during monsson season is not something that should be given up due to low production. Prices of vegetables do not fall during the monsoon season.